Introduction to Camera

Each of the camera layers and light layers includes a Point of Interest property, which specifies the point in the composition at which the camera or light points are held. By default, the point of interest is at the center of the structure. You can pursue a point of interest at any time

However, after effects offers a world of possibilities when it comes to motion graphics and VFX. Therefore, with the click of a switch, you can turn layers into 3D and interact with cameras and lights. These indispensable tools allow you to instantly change the scene and scene, adding quick depth and production value.

After Camera Effects allows users to move through their projects in a pseudo-3D world and an understanding of what a camera is capable of is essential to becoming a skilled AE artist.

Understanding Cameras in After Effects

After-camera effects work in a surprising way for cameras in real life. Concepts such as sensor size, focal length, and iris shape are shown in various camera menus in After Effects. However, even if you have a background in physical camera work, you can certainly benefit from an overview of the various camera settings in After Effects. So, let’s start with the basics.

Types of Cameras

1.ONE NODE CAMERAS

Pros: It is easy to Understand, Easy to Use, it really works well with the Camera Tools, More ‘Life-Like’

Cons: There is no Point of Interest and no ability to orbit.

The first setting you will see at the top left is a small box called One Node or Two Node. However, a node is simply a point of movement for your camera. By default, After Effects will choose a two-node camera, but a one-node camera is a bit easier to understand so we’ll start with that one.

A node camera operates in a very similar way to a camera in real life. You are able to adjust pan, tilt, and zoom with focus distance. A node camera does not have points of interest, but it can be equated to a null object for further control.

2.Two Node CAMERA

Pros: These are great for Orbits and best for Shots with a Single Focus.

Cons: It is difficult to Control with Complex 3D Movement.

It needs to be pair with null object for maximum efficiency. A two-node camera is a camera that has a point of interest. A two-node camera revolves around a point in 3D space, unlike cameras in real life.

This makes complex movements such as orbits and arcs possible. While a node camera is typically used to simulate realistic camera movements, two-node cameras can be helpful in creating camera movements that would not be possible in any other way.

Two-node cameras are the most popular type of camera used in after effects, but they can get a little tricky when you’re new to new after effects so you can start working with them.

ONE NODE OR TWO NODE?

As we said earlier the biggest difference is between One Node and Two Node cameras. On some projects like the logo, you realize that you may have a specific eccentric point that you are trying to work on. If so, a two-node camera is a way to go.

If you are working on a project that needs a more realistic look or simple 3D movement without very complex arcs or orbits then a forest node is the way to go. It depends entirely on your project, but if you need maximum control then you need to use the following method.

The Camera Settings in After Effects

In the scary Camera Settings box, you will get a bunch of numbers, which break each other up:

FOCAL LENGTH

As you probably know, the focal length on a real camera lens tells a photographer how they will zoom into their subject. The same is true of After Effects. In the first-place default the Active Camera view in After Effects is 50mm so if you select the 50mm camera equivalent in the dropdown menu you will see that nothing changes when creating the camera.

A shorter focal length will create a wider-angle lens and a larger focal length will create a more ‘zoom’ or ‘telephoto’ lens. Neato-speedo.

FILM SIZE

When we are talking about cameras in after effects, film size is not the most important concept. This is mainly because a computer-generated camera and a physical camera are completely different things. Film size in the real world is important for understanding crop-factors, bokeh and low-light sensitivity. Neither of the after-effects physical limitations exist, so you should only keep the film size at the default 36mm which is the full-frame equivalent of the after effects.

ANGLE OF VIEW

The angle of view is actually the meaning of the name. Make your camera view angle wider. When you change the angle of view, you will see how your zoom and focal length will also adjust.

ZOOM

Zoom is another way of saying focal length. If you zoom adjust your angle and the focal length will follow.

Depth of Field in After Effects

Depth of field is an optical effect that blurs your foreground and background. If you want your projects to look like After Effects or any other motion design application, this is a must.

To enable depth of field you can either click the ‘Enable Field Depth’ button. Below you will see the aperture, f-stop and blur level settings. All these settings can be adjusted after creating your camera by clicking on the little dropdown menu in the timeline next to the camera and selecting ‘Camera Options’. By default, the blur effect for depth of field will not be very intense in after effects. However, by adjusting the aperture and blur level, you can dial the correct amount of blur. Here’s what everyone does: Aperture: Similar to a camera in real life, aperture adjusts how shallow the depth of field is. The shallower the focus is the in-focus area will be.

Blur Level: Blur Level is a nifty slider that allows you to adjust how much blur is applied to your focus areas. If only real cameras had this feature.

Tips for Focus Distance Work with After Effects

As the name implies, focus distance has to do with physical distance in which your camera is focused on a single point. It can be difficult to manually focus in after effects just like in real life. So you have some tools at your disposal.

1. SET FOCUS DISTANCE TO LAYER

The fastest way to ensure that your focus distance is focused on the correct layer is to snap the focus using the Focus Set Focus to Layer ‘feature. To do this, select the camera and layer you want to focus on, and navigate to Layer> Camera> Set Focus Distance to Layer. This tool will allow you to quickly get the right focus for any layer.

2. LINK FOCUS DISTANCE TO LAYER

Similar to the focus distance on the layer, if you relate your focus distance to your layer your camera will be focused on the selected layer. However, the link focus distance to layer takes it a step further by writing an expression that will tie your focus distance to the selected layer for the entire composition. This means that as the layer increases, your focus will increase with distance. clean!

The Camera movement Tools in After Effects

To move the camera in After Effects, you must use one of the four camera movement tools. Everyone does something specific. To activate the camera tool, hit the ‘C’ on your keyboard and cycle until you have the correct layer.

THE ORBIT TOOL

The Orbit tool simply panes and tilts with the One Node camera. Think of videotaping (is that word obsolete?) A race car through which it speeds. The Orbit tool will rotate at a point of interest with the Two Node camera. This makes the classroom tool incredibly powerful if you are working with logos or 3D text. The anchor point is not affected when you adjust the integrated camera tool.

TRACK XY TOOL

The Track XY tool will track your camera and anchor points along the X and Y axes. This device performs the same function for One Node and Two Node Camera.

TRACK Z TOOL

The track Z tool pushes the camera forward and backward into the Z-space. Hooray!

The Unified Camera Tool basically combines all three of the above tools into one tool. Using your mouse, you can move quickly between the Orbit tool, Track XY and Track Z tools.

UNIFIED CAMERA TOOL

The Unified Camera Tool basically combines all three of the above tools into one tool. Using your mouse, you can move quickly between the Orbit tool, Track XY and Track Z tools.

  • Left Click: Orbit
  • Right Click: Track Z
  • Middle (Wheel) Click: Track XY

If you have yet to secure it, say that you are ready to start working with cameras in After Effects. Just remember to point the camera in the right direction.

Introduction to Shutter and Aperture in the camera.

Shutter

A camera shutter has a long length to illuminate the light in the camera sensor. Shutter speeds are usually measured in fractions of a second when they are below the other. Slower shutter speeds allow more light in the camera sensor and are used for low light and night photography, while faster shutter speeds help release the speed. Some of the examples of shutter speeds: 1/15 (1 / 15th of a second), 1/30, 1/60, 1/125.

Aperture

It means a hole within a lens, through which light travels into the camera body. The larger the hole, the more light will go into the camera sensor. The aperture also controls the depth of field, which is the part of a scene that appears to be sharp. If the aperture is too small, the depth of field is large, while if the aperture is large, the depth of field is small. In photography, the aperture is also commonly referred to as the “f” number (“focal ratio”, since the f-number is the ratio of the diameter of the lens aperture to the length of the lens). Examples of-numbers are: f / 1.4, f / 2.0, f / 2.8, f / 4.0, f / 5.6, f / 8.0.

STEP BY STEP TUTORIAL

STEP 1: COMPOSITION PANEL

In the Composition panel, click on the New Composition icon.

Composition

STEP 2:Composition Setting.

Now that you’ve created the composition, Give name “Main”

Composition window

STEP 3.Layers

When you add files to the Timeline panel, you’re adding different elements, or layers, to your composition.
Layers are stacked, one on top of the other, to create the different elements of your composition (in this case, the text, solid, and camera).
You can change how your composition looks based on how you stack and position layers.
Here make a text layer
Go to Layer menu > New > Text , Ctrl + Alt + Shift + T .

Text layer

STEP 4.Type

In-text layer type “3d camera”, you free to write what you want to.

Camera text

STEP 5.Solid Layer

Right-click on free space area in Timeline. New > Solid, Press Ctrl + Y.

Solid layer

STEP 6.Solid Setting

Follow Below Image for solid setting.

Solid setting

STEP 7.3D Layer

Click on this 3d layer Icon to Convert 2d layer into 3d layer.

Convert 3d layer

STEP 8.Solid Layer Rotate

In the Timeline panel, select the White Solid layer to make it the active layer. Select the solid layer press “R”. Immediately to the right of the Orientation setting, find the three blue numbers that represent the Z-Axis, X-Axis, and Y-Axis orientation of the solid layer in the composition.
Click within the Z-Axis (the first number) and change its value to 90.

solid properties

STEP 9.Manual Move

In the Composition panel, click on the actual Solid layer itself, and slowly drag it to the bottom of the screen.

Setup background

STEP 10.Camera Layer

Right-click on free space area in Timeline. New > Camera, Press Ctrl + Alt + Shift + C.

Camera setting

STEP 11.View Horizontal

View port

STEP 12.Move Camera

Select Zaxis and move
First deselect and hold + move camera.

move z axix

STEP 13.Duplicate Layer

Select Layer & Press CTRL+D for Duplicate.

Duplicate layer

STEP 14.Arrange Layer

Layer placement

STEP 15.Orbit Camera Tool (C)

Select the Orbit camera tool to handle the camera in the composition panel.

orbit tool

STEP 16.Orbit Camera Tool

orbit tool Using

STEP 17.Depth of field And Aperture

Follow the image for the setting.

Depth of field Aperture

STEP 18.Stop Watch

Click on the small stopwatch to the left of the property.

Keyframe animation camera

STEP 19.Keyframe Animation

Follow image given below

Keyframe animation

Track Matte in Adobe After Effects 2020 for Beginners

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